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Lunar Meteorite

Dhofar 081, 280, 910, & 1224
(paired stones)

Oman

 

lm_dhofar280_labenne.jpg

Dhofar 280

(photo credit: Labenne Meteorites)

 

lm_dhofar_910_haberer0.jpg

Dhofar 910

(photo credit: Haberer-Meteorites)

 

lm_dhofar081_1755s.jpg

Sawn slice of Dhofar 081 with millimeter ticks for scale.

(photo credit: Randy Korotev)

 

lm_dhofar_280_4683_s.jpg

Sawn slice of Dhofar 280 with millimeter ticks for scale.

(photo credit: Randy Korotev)

 

lm_dhofar_910_slab_rlk_4430_s.jpg

Sawn slice of Dhofar 910 with millimeter ticks for scale.

(photo credit: Randy Korotev)

 

from The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 85, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36, A293–A322 (2001)

Dhofar 081

Oman
Found: 1999 November 29
Mass: 174 g

Lunar meteorite (feldspathic fragmental breccia)

A brownish gray stone of 174 g covered by fusion crust was found in the Dhofar region of Oman.

Classification and description (A. Greshake, MNB): a feldspathic fragmental breccia consisting of clasts of various lithologies embedded into a devitrified fine-grained matrix; schlieren and vesicles are abundant; feldspar, An96.5-99.5; pyroxene, Fs21.9-46.2 Wo3.0-41.4; olivine, Fa29.3-47.8; augites are more abundant than Ca-poor pyroxenes and often contain pigeonite exsolution lamellae; accessory phases are Fe-Ni metal, ilmenite, and Ti-Cr-rich spinel; crystalline fragments include large gabbroic anorthosites, high-Al highland basalts, microporphyritic impact melt breccias, dark fine-grained impact melt breccias, and large cataclastic feldspar; no regolith components, e.g., glass spherules, have been identified; low bulk concentrations of MgO and FeO reflect low abundance of mafic components.

Specimens: 19.8 g plus two thin sections, MNB; several grams, Mün; main mass with anonymous finder.

 

from The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 85, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36, A293–A322 (2001)

Dhofar 280

Oman
Found: 2001 April 1
Mass: 251.2 g

Lunar meteorite (anorthositic fragmental breccia)

A gray stone weighing 251.2 g was found in the Dhofar region of Oman.

Classification and mineralogy (M. Nazarov, Vernad): fusion crust present; meteorite is a clast-rich fragmental breccia containing numerous mineral fragments and clasts of feldspathic rocks embedded in a glass-rich matrix; schlieren and vesicles are abundant; feldspar, An91-98; pyroxene, En58-75Wo4-5; olivine, Fo60-77 (Fe/Mn~99 atomic); accessory minerals are Ti-rich chromite, ilmenite, troilite, and Fe-Ni metal; terrestrial weathering not significant.

Dhofar 081 and Dhofar 280 are probably paired because the stones were found close to one another and are similar in texture and mineral chemistry.

Specimens: type specimen, 50 g plus two sections, Vernad; main mass with anonymous finder.

 

from The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 88, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, A215–A272 (2004) (Table 5)

Dhofar 910

 

lunar rock type

date found

mass
(g)

number
of pieces

An

Fa

Fs

Dhofar 908

breccia

? Jan 2003

245

9

93-99

31±9

27±7.5

Dhofar 909

breccia

2 Feb 2003

3.9

1

94-98

26.5±5

24±5

Dhofar 910

breccia

142

1

94-100

34±9

30±7

Dhofar 911

breccia

194

9

93-98

26±3

22±5

Dhofar 1084

 

10 Apr 2003

90

1

92-98

43±5

30±9

Dhofar 1085

 

1 Oct 2003

197

4

93-99

34±10

31±8

 

from The Meteoritical Bulletin, No. 89, Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, A201–A263 (2005)

Dhofar 1224

Oman
Found: 2003 September 28
Mass: 4.57 g

Lunar meteorite (feldspathic regolith breccia)

One 4.57 g stone, partly covered with fusion crust, was found by an anonymous prospector near the find locations of the lunar meteorites Dho 081/280/910 and Dho 302/908/1085 on a desert plateau near Wadi Quitbit, Dhofar, Oman. It was subsequently purchased by N. Classen.

Classification and mineralogy (A. Irving and S. Kuehner, UWS): glass-rich, melt-matrix highland regolith breccia containing sparse, small mineral and lithic clasts. Minerals include exsolved pigeonite, augite (Fs21.4Wo38.3 to Fs24.1Wo35.0, FeO/MnO = 54.5 - 60.7), orthopyroxene (Fs27.6Wo9.4 to Fs37.1Wo3.0, FeO/MnO = 49.8 - 50.1), olivine (Fa27.3-46.7, FeO/MnO = 80-105), anorthite (An99.5-99.6), metal (10 wt.% Ni and 40 wt.% Ni), ilmenite, Ti-Al-bearing chromite and troilite. The largest lithic clast is a troctolite composed of olivine+anorthite+ilmenite. This specimen is probably paired to Dho 081, Dho 280 and Dho 910 found nearby.

Specimens: type specimen, 1.19 g, and one polished thin section, UWS; main mass, Classen.

 

More Information

Meteoritical Bulletin Database

Dhofar 081 | 280 | 910 | 1224

Map

Schematic Map of the Find Locations of the Dhofar Lunar Meteorites

References

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Anand, M., Taylor, L. A., Nazarov, M. A., Shu, J., Mao H.-K., and Hemley, R. J. (2004) Space weathering on airless planetary bodies: clues from the lunar mineral hapkeite. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 101, no. 18, 6847-6851.

Bischoff A. (2001) Fantastic new chondrites, achondrites, and lunar meteorites as the result of recent meteorite search expeditions in hot and cold deserts. Earth, Moon and Planets 85-86, 87-97.

Cahill J.T., Taylor L.A., Anand M., Patchen A., and Nazarov M.A. (2002) Mineralogy, petrography, and geochemistry of lunar meteorite Dhofar 081: New developments (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIII, abstract no. 1351.

Cahill J. T., Floss C., Anand M., Taylor L. A., Nazarov M. A., and Cohen B. A. (2004) Petrogenesis of lunar highlands meteorites: Dhofar 025, Dhofar 081; Dar al Gani 262, and Dar al Gani 400. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 39, 503–530.

Cohen B. A. (2005) More impact-melt clasts in feldspathic lunar meteorites (abstract). 68th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, number 5314.

Cohen B. A. (2008) Lunar meteorite impact melt clasts and lessons learned for lunar surface sampling (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, abstract no. 2532.

Consolmagno G. J., Russell S. S., and Jeffries T. E. (2004) An in–situ study of REE abundances in three anorthositic impact melt lunar highland meteorites (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, abstract no. 1370.

Demidova S. I., Nazarov M. A., Lorenz C. A., Kurat G., Brandstätter F., and Ntaflos Th. (2007) Chemical composition of lunar meteorites and the lunar crust. Petrology 15 (4), 386-407.

Fernandes V. A., Anand M., Burgess R., and Taylor L. A. (2004) Ar-Ar studies of Dhofar clast-rich feldspathic highland meteorites: 025, 026, 280, 303 (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, abstract no. 1514.

Greshake A., Schmitt R. T., Stöffler D., Pätsch M., and Schultz L. (2001) Dhofar 081: A new lunar highland meteorite. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 36, 459-470.

Korochantseva E. V., Buikin A. I., Hopp J., Korochantsev A. V., and Trieloff M. (2015) Thermal history of lunar meteorite Dhofar 280. 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract no. 2136.

Korochantseva E. V., Buikin A. I., Hopp J., Korochantsev A. V., Ott U. and Trieloff M. (2015) Irradiation history of lunar meteorite Dhofar 280. 46th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract no. 2158.

Korochantseva E. V., Buikin A. I., Hopp J., Korochantsev A. V., and Trieloff M. (2016) 40Ar-39Ar results of lunar meteorites Dhofar 025, 280, 309, 730, 733, 1436, 1442, SaU 449, NWA 6888 (abstract). 79th Annual Meeting of the Meteoritical Society, abstract no. 6317.

Korotev R. L. (2005) Lunar geochemistry as told by lunar meteorites. Chemie der Erde 65, 297–346.

Korotev R. L. (2012) Lunar meteorites from Oman. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 47, 1365–1402. doi: 10.1111/j.1945-5100.2012.01393.x

Korotev R. L. (2006) New geochemical data for a some poorly characterized lunar meteorites (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXVII, number 1404.

Korotev R. L. (2013) Siderophile elements in brecciated lunar meteorites (abstract). In 44th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract no. 1028.

Korotev R. L., Irving A. J., and Bunch T. E. (2008) Keeping up with the lunar meteorites – 2008 (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXIX, abstract no. 1209, 39th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference.

Lorenzetti S., Busemann H., and Eugster O. (2005) Regolith history of lunar meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 40, 315-327.

Macke R. J., Kiefer W. S., Britt D. T., Irving A. J., and Consolmagno G. J. (2011) Densities, porosities and magnetic susceptibilities of meteoritic lunar samples: Early results (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XLII, abstract no. 1986.

Macke R. J., Britt D. T., and Consolmagno G. J. (2011) Density, porosity and magnetic susceptibility of achondritic meteorites. Meteoritics & Planetary Science 46, 311-326.

Nazarov M. A., Badyukov D. D., Lorents K.A., Demidova. S. I. (2004) The flux of lunar meteorites onto the earth, Solar System Research 38, 49-58.

Nazarov M. A., Demidova S. I., Ntaflos Th., and Brandstaetter F. (2014) Origin of native silicon and Fe-silicides in lunar rocks (abstract). 45th Lunar and Planetary Science Conference, abstract no. 1090.

Nishiizumi K. (2003) Exposure histories of lunar meteorites (abstract). In Evolution of Solar System Materials: A New Perspective from Antarctic Meteorites, p. 104, National Institute of Polar Research, Tokyo.

Nishiizumi K. and Caffee M. W. (2006) Constraining the number of lunar and martian meteorite falls (abstract). In Meteorit. Planet. Sci. 41, p. A133, 69th Annual Meeting, Meteoritical Society.

Nishiizumi K., Hillegonds D. J., McHargue L. R., and Jull A. J. T. (2004) Exposure and terrestrial histories of new lunar and martian meteorites (abstract), In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXV, abstract no. 1130.

Rochette P., Gattacceca J., Ivanov A. V., Nazarov M. A., and Bezaeva N. S. (2010) Magnetic properties of lunar materials: Meteorites, Luna and Apollo returned samples. Earth Planet. Sci. Lett., doi:10.1016/j.epsl.2010.02.007.

Shukolyukov Y. A., Nazarov M. A., Pätsch M., and Schultz L. (2001) Noble gases in three lunar meteorites from Oman (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII, abstract no. 1502, Lunar and Planetary Institute.

Shukolyukov, Y. A., Nazarov, M. A., Ott, U. (2004) Noble gases in new lunar meteorites from Oman: Irradiation history, trapped gases, and cosmic-ray exposure and K-Ar ages. Geochemistry International 42, 1001–1017.

Warren P. H., Taylor L. A., Kallemeyn G., Cohen B. A., Nazarov M. A. (2001) Bulk-compositional study of three lunar meteorites: Enigmatic siderophile element results for Dhofar 026 (abstract). In Lunar and Planetary Science XXXII, abstract no. 2197.

Warren P. H., Ulff-Møller F., and Kallemeyn G. W. (2005) “New” lunar meteorites: Impact melt and regolith breccias and large-scale heterogeneities of the upper lunar crust. Meteoritics &.Planetary Science 40, 989–1014.

 

 

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Prepared by
: Randy L. Korotev
 
Department of Earth and Planetary Sciences
Washington University in St. Louis

Please don't contact me about the meteorite you think you've found until you read this and this.


e-mail
korotev@wustl.edu

Last revised: 25-October-2016